History of Jawbreaker & Rock Candy


Jawbreakers range from the size of a hazel nut to the size of a golf ball, and come in many flavors and colors. They are popular with children, and often sold in vending machines. Though originally a trade name, the term jawbreaker became so widespread that it is considered a generic name for any brand candy of this type.


Egyptians prepared sweets with honey, fruits, spices, and nuts. Sugar was not known in Egypt.The first written evidence of its appearance dates to A.D. 500 in India. The method of making sugar from the boiled syrup of the sugarcane plant spread from India through the Arab world, and sugar was introduced to Europe sometime around A.D. 1100 They first thought it was a spice.Sugar was so rare that it was used, for the most medicinally, prescribed in minute doses by physicians.By the 16th century, widespread sugarcane cultivation and the technology for refining sugar developed sufficiently that sugar was not such a precious.Small manufacturers produced candies in Europe at that time.By the late eighteenth century, entrepreneurs had developed candy-making machine, and more complex candies were made and on a bigger scale.

The jawbreaker was made famous by the company: Ferrara Pan Candy Company of Forest Park, Illinois. The origin of the name is obscure. The word jawbreaker first showed up in the English language in 1839, used to mean a “hard-to-pronounce word.” Ferrara Pan was founded by an Italian immigrant to the United States, Salvatore Ferrara, in 1919.He ended up saved up enough money to open his own candy shop in Chicago in 1908.

His products was a kind of sugar-coated almond known in Italy as confetti. These became so popular that Ferrara started his own company to make them.

Raw materials

The crucial ingredient in the jawbreaker is sugar.Jawbreakers use natural colors and flavors. Manufacturers may also add calcium stearate, a binding agent, and a wax such as carnauba wax, to provide a shiny, polished surface.

Jawbreakers are made by the hot pan process, and the type of pan used is very important. Candy-making pans are little like pans found in an ordinary kitchen. They are huge spherical copper kettles with a wide mouth. The pans rotate constantly over a gas flame so the sugar inside is kept tumbling. The worker who makes candy in using these pans is known as a panner.

Read more: http://www.madehow.com/Volume-6/Jawbreaker.html#ixzz2TTQh1ue4

Rock Candy

Rock candy is the purest form of sugar available.While most traditional sweeteners contain a degree of sugar (depending upon the product), rock candy contains pure cane sugar.

Sugar India, rock candy’s origins can be traced to India and Iran. Historical writings in Arabic from the 9th century recounted the process of making candy sugar, which in turn produced rock candy. It took on a crystallized form after a scientific metamorphosis.

It takes several days to make rock candy.The same method is used to produce diamonds and quartz. The scientific process of crystallization includes breaking apart the molecular structure of sugar and allowing the structure to reform with larger and purer crystals.

Read more: The History of Rock Candy | eHow http://www.ehow.com/about_5449922_history-rock-candy.html#ixzz2Tqk5RpAu

My Wishes and Fears

I am afraid of spiders
I am afraid of snakes
I am afraid that i will not wake up
I am afraid that i will die when i am young
I am even afraid  of getting lost

I am afraid of getting bit by a snake
I am afraid of coming home and no one there
I am afraid that i will get taken
I am afraid that the lights go out and i hit my toe
I am even afraid  of failing a class

I want to read a good book
I want to have a bigger room
I want a little puppy
I want to get first place in track
I even want summer to get here

I want to be happy
I want laugh
I want to get jokes
I want friends who understand me
And I want to be here
Most of all

Animals and Bugs

Animals and bugs
Are wonderful creatures
Some are happy some are mad
Some hungry, scary, lazy, and sad
Some hairy, scaly, and feathery
And lots more to go

Just go outside
And look in the sky
You will find birds and flies
Ladybugs, lizards, and butterflies
Grasshoppers, caterpillars, and moth’s too

There’s creatures every where you go
And that’s why animals and bugs
Are wonderful creatures

My Favorite Food

If I had lost my sense of taste I would drop dead. Why? Because I would never know how crawfish, ribs, pizza, enchiladas, and all the food you can think of. Sometimes the food that looks nasty can also taste good you never know. I went to Olive Garden all I eat was salad and bread stick; I try mushroom stuff with cheese I had never try mushroom I thought it had a bad taste but it wasn’t so bad. I love my uncles Rommel posole it is so yummy. He knows how to cook. Crawfish is spicy and that why I like it and so are hot wing. I hope I will never loss my sense of taste but if I do I will know how all those foods taste like.

How to Make a Differnce

I hope I can make a different by stopping bullies and stand out for the people who are getting there feelings hurt. It makes me so mad when people start telling them what to do. They probably have no idea how it makes them feel.They should think what they are about to do and think how there going to make them feel. You should tell a teacher or a parent and not keep it secret, and if you don’t tell a teacher or parent the bullies will think its okay and its not.

Denmark Daily New’s

It all began in 1933, when the Nazis took over Denmark .Annmarie was a intelligent little girl,she was a good runner and really brave;she had blond hair and blue eyes. Her best friend Ellen on the on the other hand had black hair and brown eyes. Annmarie little sister Kirsti was a blabber mouth. She too had blond hair and blue eyes. At that time the Nazis soldiers had came to look for the Rosen family but they had left there home. They where looking for them because they where Jew’s. The Johansen had to act like Ellen was there daughter; like Lisa, she had black hair too. Mama had taken them to her brother house ,Papa had to stay for a little bit so it would not look suspension. Uncle Henrik and Peter had brought all the Jew’s they can to rescued them. The Nazis came and found out that a lot of people had came Mrs. Johansen had said that Great Aunt Berta had died from a very bad illness. The Nazis told her to open it after they left. When they left Peter read a song out of the bible, after he was done he open the casket; their was no Great Ant Berta the only thing that was their was clothes. They had handed it out to the Jew’s. At midnight Uncle Henrik had loaded the boat. He had to get people into small groups so they would not be seen. On the last load Mrs. Johansen had, where she came back she had trip on a log. Annmarie shall her out the window she ran as fast as she could. When she reach over to her and shall her ankle it was broken. When she brought her Mama to rest she laded her on the couch she was so sleepy; and Annmarie too. Kirsti had been asleep. Annmarie found a packet on the stairs. She told her Mama she told her to go to Uncle Henrik boat and give it to him. She was in the right path,but then the Nazis had stop her she had been so brave. She made it to Uncle Henrik boat she told him what had happen. When Annmarie had left; the Nazis had came on his boat. He acted like he had a cold when he got out the cloth it made the dog nose numb; so they could not find the Jew’s. After they found out that Peter was helping the Jew’s they had killed him. Everyone was sad he had done the right job to help the Jew’s, but the Nazi’s had been destroyer.